Like most countries in Europe, Austria and Slovenia rely heavily on the family for the provision of long-term care (LTC). They differ however, as to the nature and scope of support provided to family carers (more generous in Austria, while in Slovenia family is the carer “by default”). This study uses the different institutional settings between the two countries to explore the determinants of care use, both in terms of type of care (e.g. informal vs. formal care) and tasks provided.
To gain a better understanding of how older people make their choices regarding care, namely, who provides care and what type of tasks; what are the factors impacting their choices (e.g. cultural values, financial constraints, preferences, household composition); how these factors are themselves shaped by public policies; and whether they are different between groups of LTC users (e.g. socio-economic condition).
Mixed methods including qualitative and quantitative research methods on secondary (e.g. international surveys and national data) and primary data (semi-structured interviews); stakeholder consultation; literature reviews.
The European Centre leads or participates in the following tasks:
- Literature review of relevant public policies in Austria and Slovenia, as well as relevant literature on the determinants of care provision.
- Quantitative analysis of secondary data sources, namely SHARE, EU-SILC and national surveys/administrative data on LTC in both countries. Analysis will address endogeneity of informal and formal care use by employing instrumental variables and longitudinal analysis.
- Qualitative research methods (semi-structured interviews) with a maximum variation sample of older users and their proxies in each country. Semi-structure interviews will focus on the decision to take up different types of care.
University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, Institute for Economic Research, Slovenia